WorkPackage 1

Geospatial ICT – Support Infrastructure for Urban Resilience

Typology: RTD Leader: Prof. Zorica Nedović Budić

Timeline

This shows the workload for workpackage 1 in the course of the 5 years of the project.

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

What’s new in WP1

How do we communicate to build resilience? This was a key issue when TURAS was being devised. WP1 builds a foundation for the TURAS project and has created a web interface for public access to data and tools that are used and developed by other work packages. The data available provides insights on urban economy, energy, sprawl, green infrastructure, regeneration and urban design. A lot of communication is necessary, so the purpose of the interface is to enable visualisation and therefore an understanding of real urban issues and sustainability challenges. WP1 first seeks to facilitate communication and interaction amongst project partners (academic, local authority, SME and community) in addressing those challenges. The Internet-based data are provided and tools are being developed for implementation in the project case study areas within the TURAS cities and urban regions. This new interface is now a part of the TURAS project website, and accessible to the public. It is linked to the local authorities’ websites in those cities or urban regions. The WebGIS database and other tools have been developed in close cooperation with the other TURAS work packages, based on their local case study context and methodological approaches.

In order to achieve the objectives at the start of the TURAS journey, WP1 has been divided into two stages. Stage 1 is the development of a WebGIS database with general as well as specific case study data. Stage 2 is the provision of tools to support much better community engagement with the TURAS WP1 specific research. The first part of Stage 1 was successfully undertaken in the projected timeframe, producing a report on what area data available and where. So, there is now a live WebGIS for most of the TURAS case study cities as well as an interactive ‘geowiki’, where the public and urban communities can upload their own information. In time, TURAS will seek more and more input from urban communities using this geowiki. The collection and incorporation of case study specific data into the WebGIS interface will be pursued in the next phase of Stage 1, as it relates more directly to the tasks undertaken by other work packages. At the same time, work has already started on Stage 2 which seeks to understand the requirements for the WebGIS tools needed to support the remainder to the TURAS project as well as the cities and urban regions.

Objectives

  • To provide a common geographic information systems (GIS) dataset to support analysis of contextual factors influencing and interacting with each of the project subareas (WP2-6):
    • population distribution and socio-demographic characteristics
    • land cover / use; built environment characteristics
    • eco-systems / habitats / biodiversity
    • land use policies and other legal (regulatory) restrictions
    • existing measures to facilitate sustainable development at community level such as Agenda 21 action plans.
  • To develop a support framework for inventory, visualisation and analysis of specific objects featured in each project subareas, including but not limited to:
    • green infrastructure (green walls, brown roofs, parks and open spaces);
    • contaminated and vacant sites for gardening and energy production;
    • transport corridors and options (e.g., bike paths);
    • micro-climate;
    • pollution;
    • waste sites;
    • water surfaces / flooding risk; and
    • urban-rural fringe and conflicts.
    The framework includes data and analytical methods (procedures).
  • To build an interactive Internet-based interface to the sub-project information to be publicly accessible and allow for feedback, input and involvement of government agencies (e.g., city and local councils), private sector SMEs, citizens and community groups in the selected case study areas. This web site also provides facilities for project-specific communications and management of process and content.
  • To advance and test a prototype G-ICT infrastructure model for supporting urban resilience and sustainability actions at the local level in any city. This model complements the project’s goal in devising comprehensive strategies for resilient cities.

Description of work and role of partners

Overall WP Leader: Prof. Zorica Nedovic-Budic Head of School, Geography Planning & Environmental Policy, UCD

WP1.1 Kick-off meeting
Lead Partners: UCD. Partners involved: All other partners.

The kick-off meeting in WP1 will be the official kick off meeting for the whole project and indeed WP1 will provide the data and tools on which all subsequent work packages will be developed. At this kick-off meeting a clear consensus needs to be reached among all partners on the end goals of the project – for each city and for the project as a whole. A common terminology needs to be developed between the different groups of partners, languages and disciplines involved in the project in order to facilitate the emergence at the end of the project of a set of coherent transition strategies suitable for implementation in any participating city or indeed in any European city. To facilitate the overall development of the project, the co-ordinator UCD, assisted by the University of Stuttgart, will conduct a 2 day workshop with all partners aimed at reaching consensus on key terms, examination of key challenges to urban resilience in participating cities and 1 understanding the underlying causes, broadening the search space for new solutions, agreement on survey methodology and timeframe and elaboration of a broad planning for research, development, testing and demonstration of solutions and agreement on methodology for measurement of impact and a mechanism for ensuring transferability of results throughout all work packages of the project.

WP1 activities will provide support to all other project areas. UCD will co-ordinates all aspects of the WP1 as well as serve as the developer of all needed components of G-ICT infrastructure – GIS database, specific project data and processing requirements, interface for project management and interaction with the public – citizens, community groups, non-profit organisations, and interested agencies from private and public sector. UCD will also be responsible for introducing all other partners to the support infrastructure and enabling them to use it. All research partners are responsible for expressing the data and analytical needs for their respective work packages and providing input and feedback in the process of establishing the project G-ICT infrastructure. They serve as the communication channel with their local council and facilitate acquisition, implementation and use of the data and procedures for advancing the project.

WP1.2 Survey
Lead Partner: UCD. Partners involved: All other partners especially local authorities.

The first step is to survey each partner city about digital spatial data they would need (and possibly have) to accurately represent the case study areas at the neighbourhood or other pertinent level selected as for testing the results of the TURaS project. The survey questionnaire will identify the necessary datasets by type, scale, availability, accuracy, format, and accessibility (source). The questionnaire will also identify the particular data needs, approaches and procedures to support the specific functional and analytical requirements for each WP2-6. The results of the survey will be presented in a meeting to research and council partners for discussion about GIS database development methodology and data to be included in the common base dataset. The goal is to establish a common lexicon and mutual understanding of the common needs for spatial data resources and analytical functions. In addition to agreeing about the cross-cutting dataset on the study areas’ contexts, the participants will finalise the plans for development of the support framework for specific project management and communication needs: green infrastructure, rural-urban fringe conflicts and land use, energy, waste, transportation, flooding, urban gardening and other. The finalization is based on a proposal to be presented to the project partners and participants regarding additional project management and communication tools.

WP1.3 System development and access
Lead Partner: UCD.

Spatial and other associated datasets are obtained from each partner and integrated using open source software. To provide easy access to the project data, analytical, communication and management functions, an Internet-based GIS facility is developed. The standard GIS functions are complemented with interactive tools for uploading, downloading and exchange of various contents, including spatial data, photographs, and textual information (comments, ideas, records). The tools include the latest communication devices such as wikis, tweeters, and smart phones.

WP1.4 Development and employment of G-ICT frameworks for specific WP areas
Lead Partner: UCD. Partners involved: La Sapienza, AAU, UEL and all WP leaders

In addition to general database support with contextual information about each case study site, the substantive approaches to database development, analysis and visualisation are tailored to each application area. To ensure the utility of each framework, this phase is pursued in close collaboration with the other partners in particular WP leaders and is ongoing throughout the project period. It includes introduction and in some cases training of partners in employing particular techniques. Some of the partners 2 already have expertise in particular areas that will be integrated in the framework development efforts, for example:

  • UCD in application of Monitoring Urban Land Cover Dynamics (MOLAND) growth prediction and monitoring model
  • Sapienza Università di Roma – in implementing planning-specific requirements for spatial data infrastructures as well as general GIS-based analysis
  • Univ. of Aalborg – in using district heating and sustainable energy supply, including heat demand mapping and GIS-based tools
  • Sustainability Research Institute (Univ. of East London) – in identification of biodiversity hotspots and connectivity pathways in support of regional green grid networks (with project partners Buglife – the Invertebrate Conservation Trust and Essex Field Club).

WP1.5 Training , integration and evaluation
Lead Partner: UCD. Partners involved: All other partners in particular WP leaders and local authorities.

Following the development of the common system support database and tools for all project areas, a workshop will be held to train all project partners to use the interactive data retrieval, contribution, visualisation and communication tools. Following the development of framework and tools tailored to each application area in WP2-6, training sessions will be delivered for each WP group individually – as the demands of each WP2-6 are very different. A particular emphasis will be placed on the usage of tools by local authorities as a basis for collaborative decision making involving government agencies (e.g., city and local councils), private sector SMEs, citizens and community groups. Assistance will be provided to local authorities on integration of framework and tools within their existing ICT and planning infrastructure. An independent evaluation will gather feedback from local authorities on the usefulness of these tools and feedback from this evaluation will be used to further improve and refine the tools over the project duration. Further training workshops will be organised in conjunction with consortium meetings over the duration of the project to provide project partners with training on updates to the database and tools.

WP1.6 Integration: G-ICT Model
Lead Partner: UCD. Partners involved: WP leaders, U STUTT

The experiences from developing and utilising G-ICT support for the various aspects of urban resiliency are integrated into a generalised model. The model is to provide a framework that could be applied in various contexts and scales, internationally and locally. The target level is the local neighbourhood, but the scalability to other levels will be an important feature to be explored. UCD will work closely on this aspect with the University of Stuttgart who is leading WP7 on integrating transition strategies emerging from WP2-6 and developing a methodology for their use by non participating cities. Finally, the model is to go beyond the logistical support, to include monitoring and evaluation of the activities and efforts toward enhancing urban resiliency.

Milestones

Id Geospatial ICT – Support Infrastructure for Urban Resilience
M1.1 Consensus reached in kick off meeting on key terms and key challenges to be addressed, survey methodology and timeframe, work plan for research, development, testing and demonstration of solutions, methodology for measurement of impact and mechanism for ensuring transferability of results throughout all work packages of the project
Kick-off completed and minute signed off by all partners
Expected by: M3
M1.2 Timely completion of survey questionnaire enabling progress on development of GIS database
Survey complete and data quality validated
Expected by: M6
M1.3 Full local authority participation in training workshop on G-ICT infrastructures and specific framework and tools for each WP2-6
Participant list and evaluation form completed by local authorities
Expected by: M18
M1.4 Full partner participation, in particular from local authority partners in training workshop on G-ICT infrastructures and specific framework and tools for each WP2-6
Training complete and evaluation form completed
Expected by: M24
M1.5 First version of framework and tools for G-ICT-based inventory, analysis, management and communication specific to each of the WPs 2-6
Draft version of inventory
Expected by: M30
M1.6 Report on local authority evaluation of usefulness of GIS database and WP specific tools
Report
Expected by: M36

Deliverables

Id Geospatial ICT – Support Infrastructure for Urban Resilience
D1.1 First version of framework and tools for G-ICT-based inventory, analysis, management and communication specific to each of the WPs 2-6
Expected by: M18
(2.2 MB) download
D1.2 Generalised model, demonstrating final version of GIS database and tools, providing a framework that could be applied in various contexts and scales, internationally and locally
Expected by: M48