WorkPackage 2

Greening Public and Private Green Infrastructure

Typology: RTD Leader: Darryl Newport

Timeline

This shows the workload for workpackage 2 in the course of the 5 years of the project.

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

What’s new in WP2?

What is green infrastructure and why is it important? This is an exciting area of research and design because it aims to learn from nature and integrate this into urban living. Therefore, WP2 aims to enable cities to reduce their urban ecological footprint through better implementation of public and private green infrastructure, using organic materials and/or products and green processes that are inspired by nature (called “biomimicry”). This may lead to the rehabilitation of damaged urban ecosystem services and boost urban biodiversity. This is a very complex WP and progress in the first 18 months has been excellent, with all targets either achieved or exceeded. The initial focus for the first 18 months was on the development of the urban green infrastructure model for Rome.
WP2 has now started some complex experiments. The Barking Riverside brownfield landscaping and green roof experimental facilities are now established and are being monitored. In Stuttgart, a novel experiment to see how natural features can create what is know as “Urban Comfort Zones” will see a ‘green wall’ experiment being carried out.
Additionally, WP2 has seen the preparation of green infrastructure guidelines for local authorities, which will ultimately be used by city planners and designers to promote better urban resilience. In addition, WP2 has established design principles for a novel green roof experiment, which received a commendation in the 2012 Integrated Habitats Design Competition. Furthermore, a unique ‘beetle bump’ has been built on the grounds of the University of East London. This was shortlisted for the prestigious Times Higher Education Award. WP2 reports that demand for green infrastructure information has been very high, and numerous other institutions,including the London Olympic Park, have offered areas for future collaboration and experimentation.

Objectives

Overall objective:

To develop state-of-the-art techniques for evaluating and enhancing the ecological ‘quality’ of green infrastructure within urban environments.

Sub-objectives:

  • Generate a universal evaluation model for assessing the drivers and barriers to urban green infrastructure restoration. This model will incorporate the economic value of greenspace as carbon sinks and structural support for ecosystem services, the social drivers and barriers to installation, and the spatial scope for retrofitting and development
  • Design and establish field experiments investigating state-of-the-art technology and processes to maximise the biodiversity and economic value of roof-level green infrastructure leading to an overall reduction in a city’s urban ecological footprint. This includes incorporating biomimicry into the design of green elements for retrofitting existing public and private urban infrastructure and design, planning and construction of new developments
  • Develop and evaluate a design protocol for incorporating art, creativity and regional habitat characteristics into landscape design for maximising the biodiversity value of urban green infrastructure %li Pilot test design tools disseminating from field experiments at the case study area of the Barking Riverside Development in East London.
  • Implement monitoring and analytical strategies in order to assess efficacy and structure recommendations for other case study areas
  • Develop visions, feasible strategies, spatial scenarios and guidance tools that would enable adaptive governance, collaborative decision-making, and behavioural change in green infrastructure design across selected areas in Greater London, Rome, throughout the TURaS project network and in non participating cities.

Description of work and role of partners

T2.1 Workpackage kick-off meeting

Lead Partner: UEL. Other Partners: All WP participants
Initial meeting to discuss, plan and develop the various sub-tasks of the workpackage.

T2.2 Generate a universal evaluation model for assessing the drivers and barriers to urban green infrastructure restoration
Lead Partner: the City Council of Rome, University of La Sapienza

  • Review of drivers and barriers to green infrastructure restoration in the City of Rome. Comprising assessment of building recognition, social and cultural concerns, carbon storage value and ecosystem services support of green infrastructure;
  • Development of a model for the cost/benefit analysis of current and maximised greenspace management;
  • Development of arguments and supportive data to favour the retention of green spaces and land for supporting ecosystem services;
  • Assessment of transferability of economic evaluation model to London greenspace;
  • Development of universal urban assessment model and impact on reduction of urban ecological footprint.

T2.3 Design and establish field experiments investigating state-of-the-art technology and processes to maximise the biodiversity and economic value of green walls and roof-level green infrastructure
Lead Partner: HELIX. Other partners: UEL; Barking Riverside

  • Establish state-of-the-art in relation to green roof design, installation and regional policy;
  • Consolidate Barking Green Roof Experiment by development of additional green roof test facilities to investigate best practice for maximising biodiversity of green roof systems;
  • HELIX will contribute their expertise on the construction/development of a green wall including the development of a 30m model for experimentation.
  • Linking to WP4, investigate the potential for the development of novel green roof substrates through sustainable remediation techniques using regional waste product materials (composts) combined with naturally occurring minerals (clays, zeolites);
  • Dissemination of T2.2 research throughout the TURaS project network and through journal publication.

T2.4 Develop and evaluate a design protocol for incorporating art, creativity and regional habitat characteristics into landscape design for maximising the biodiversity value of green infrastructure
Lead Partner: UEL Other partners: IFS, Barking Riverside, Helix

    Establish state-of-the-art in relation to landscape design for biodiversity and carbon storage;
  • Develop design networks linking local expertise in urban planning, landscape design, art and local biodiversity
  • Using multidisciplinary landscape design, incorporate biodiversity-rich and ecologically functioning landscape design at test areas within the case study site of Barking Riverside
  • Linking to WP4 demonstrate the role of recycled organic growing media and natural storm water attenuation features as wildlife habitat features;
  • Feed research into policy drivers for landscape installation and promotion through Greater London urban planning processes;
  • Dissemination of T2.3 research throughout the TURaS project network and through journal publication.

T2.5 Pilot test design tools disseminating from field experiments at the case study area of the Barking Riverside Development in East London
Lead Partner: UEL Other partners: Barking Riverside

  • Disseminate best practice design from T2.2 through landscape-scale installation of green roof systems at the case study site of Barking Riverside;
  • Disseminate best practice design from T2.3 through landscape-scale design and construction of biodiversity and ecosystem service-focussed greenspace design at the case study site of Barking Riverside;
  • Monitoring of the case study installations to investigate real-time benefits of green roof systems and landscape-scale connectivity of green infrastructure at the case study site;
  • Dissemination of T2.3 research throughout the TURaS project network and through journal publication.

T2.6 Develop visions, feasible strategies, spatial scenarios and guidance tools that would enable adaptive governance, collaborative decision-making, and behavioural change in green infrastructure design across selected areas in Greater London, Rome and throughout the TURaS project network
Lead Partner: University of La Sapienza Other partners: IFS/UEL/ U STUTT

  • Pilot test combined strategies from T2.1 – 2.4 in selected neighbourhoods in Greater
  • London, Rome and throughout the TURaS project network
  • Develop strategy guidelines based on project experience, data analysis and outcomes.

Milestones

Id Greening Public and Private Green Infrastructure
M2.7 Working economic evaluation model for green infrastructure value and design
Model completed and working on sample data
Expected by: M16
M2.8 Establishment of new green roof design test facility
Set up complete and operational
Expected by: M18
M2.9 Monitoring data and specific guidance for maximising the ecological functionality of green roof design and installation, and development of novel products for the sustainable reuse of waste materials
Guidelines published
Expected by: M20
M2.10 Production of guidelines on a multidisciplinary approach to landscape design in new sustainable communities
Guidelines published
Expected by: M24
M2.11 Design, incorporation and monitoring of multidisciplinary urban landscape design into case study site at Barking Riverside
Report on demonstration
Expected by: M24
M2.12 Monitoring data and specific guidance on multidisciplinary design for urban landscaping incorporating biodiversity, ecosystem services and carbon storage
Guidelines published
Expected by: M30
M2.13 Establishment of showcase testing facilities at case study site of Barking Riverside for research dissemination and research publication on case study findings

Expected by: M30
M2.14 Synergistic evaluation of data dissemination
Report on data dissemination published
Expected by: M36

Deliverables

Id Greening Public and Private Green Infrastructure
D2.3 Report and recommendations for other participating cities: Visions, feasible strategies, spatial scenarios and guidance tools for municipalities
Expected by: M36